Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the so-called greenhouse gases. When rays of sun hit the earth, a part of the radiation is reflected by the earth’s surface. Due to the so-called greenhouse gases, part of the resulting heat radiation can no longer escape into the atmosphere and contributes to global warming. The greenhouse effect and global warming are a natural process, which has, however, been increased by humans since the beginning of industrialization.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations fears more frequent heavy precipitation, the melting of glaciers, a decrease of snow-covered surfaces, the accelerated deterioration of the Arctic Circle and a resulting increase in sea levels as consequences of increased global warming.
Sources for greenhouse gas emissions, particular Carbon dioxide, of capital importance to the production are the transportation of raw materials or recyclables and the energy to operate machinery’s. Carbon emissions caused by production are different due to the following reasons:
|Fossil Fuel||Carbon emissions|
|Diesel||2.64 kg CO2/Liter|
A material source for greenhouse gas emissions caused by the production process is the energy used by the different machines. Electricity is produced by burning coal, oil, gas, wood, by nuclear power or by using regenerative methods such as sun, wind, geothermic or biomass.
The burning of coal, oil, gas, or wood causes carbon emissions. The production of electricity using regenerative methods is carbon neutral.
|Energy Source||Energy Mix||Carbon emissions|
|Coal||0.9344 kg CO2/KWh|
|Nuclear||0.0000 kg CO2/KWh|
|Petroleum||0.8935 kg CO2/KWh|
|Natural Gas||100%||0.5687 kg CO2/KWh|
|Hydroelectric & Renewable||0.0000 kg CO2/KWh|
|Pumped Storage & other||0.0000 kg CO2/KWh|
|Total||100%||0.5687 kg CO2/KWh|
In this vast universe of ours, there is no other place so hospitable to live and its infinite variety. But today, climate change poses a clear and present danger. It threatens every species on earth. Increasing the number of extreme weather events that require international action. The time for leadership and meaningful initiatives is now!
As part of an intergovernmental effort under United Nation leadership, the world’s top scientists have concluded that the climate is changing. And they have issued urgent warnings about the future we can’t afford to ignore. The IPCC reports leave no room for doubt: global warming is a fact! And human activity, including the burning of fossil fuels, industrial emissions and deforestation, are the main cause of climate change and it’s most dangerous side effects. The dramatic rise in greenhouse gases over the last 250 years, particularly carbon dioxide has caused temperatures to rise across the globe and this warning is rejected to accelerate at an alarming and dangerous base